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pMc pRDwn : prMprw qy ieiqhws

‘^wlsw myro siqgur pUrw’1 kihx vwly gurU goibMd isMG jI ny ‘^wlsy’ nUM pRq`K rUp ivc gurU svIkwr ilAw sI[ ^wlsw Awpxy Awp ivc bhu-vwck Sbd hY, ijs qoN Bwv guris`KW dy smUMh qoN hY, ijs smUMh nUM G`to-G`t pMjW dI igxqI ivc mwnqw hwsl hY[ ivAkqIgq rUp ivc guris`K BwvyN au~c AiDAwqimk, smwijk, rwjsI jIvn dw DwrxI hovy, aus nUM ‘gurU’ vjoN mwx-siqkwr dyxw is`K isDWq pRqI AigAwnqw dw lKwiek hY[
guris`K, sMgq, ‘gurU-pMQ’ dI mUl iekweI hY, ijs dI mwnqw sdIvI hY[ ijvyN ik au~pr ivcwr kIqI hY ik ‘gurU-pMQ’ pMjW ipAwirAW dy rUp ivc smu`cy is`K smwj dI pRqIinDqw krdw hY[ pihlW-pihl mMjIdwr, msMd ivAkqIgq rUp ivc dUr-duryfy ielwikAW ivc gurU dy pRqIinD vjoN kwrjSIl sn, pr ieh lok jldI hI ‘gurU hukm’ nUM C`f haumY dw iSkwr ho, Awpo-AwpxI pUjw, mwnqw krwaux l`g pey, ijs krky gurU-Gr v`loN ieh pRQw smyN-smyN ^qm krnIAW peIAW[ kwrn ? ienHW pRqIinD is`K AKvwaux vwilAW ivc vI auh swry doS pRgt ho gey, jo iek Awm smwijk pRwxI ivc ho skdy hn hwlWik mMjIdwr, msMd au~c Dwrimk jIvn vwly guris`K nUM hI lwieAw jWdw sI[ gurU goibMd isMG jI ny ivAkqIgq kmzorIAW qoN injwq pwaux leI msMd pRQw nUM ^qm kr ky ‘pMc pRDwnI’ ^wlsweI isDWq nUM pRgt kIqw, jo mUl rUp ivc pihlW hI mOjUd sI[
‘pMc’ Sbd dw ArQ cwr au~pr iek Bwv pMj, swDU jn, gurmuK, is`K Drm Anuswr pMj ipAwry, rihxI dy pUry guris`K Awid kIqy imldy hn[ pMj Sbd igxqI dw lKwidk hY, pr gurmiq ivcwrDwrw qy ieiqhws ivc hmySw ‘pMjW’ nUM mwnqw hwsl hY[ ‘pMj’ G`t qoN G`t sMpUrn igxqI hY, jo hr qrHW dy &Ysly krn dy smr`Q hY[ gurmiq ivcwrDwrw ivc ‘pMj’ dI igxqI swnUM bwr-bwr imldI hY, ijvyN pMj KMf, pMj ipAwry, pMj bwxIAW, pMj kkwr, pMj Ssqr, pMj gux, pMj q^q, pMj vKq, pMj q`q, Awid[
gurmiq inrxY BMfwr ivc igAwnI lwl isMG (sMgrUr) ny ‘pMj’ Sbd dy 155 isrlyK id`qy hn, jo igxqI dy p`K qoN sB qoN vDyry hn[
gurmiq ivcwrDwrw dy pihly ivAwiKAwkwr BweI swihb BweI gurdws jI sp`St krdy hn ik Akwl purK vwihgurU jo lyKy ivc nhIN ijs dI kImq nhIN pweI jw skdI, aus dw imlwp vI ‘pMj guris`KW’ dI sMgq rwhIN huMdw hY, pr pMj guris`K Aijhy cwhIdy hn, ijnHW ivc koeI vl-Cl nw hovy, aunHW ny prpMc nUM C`ifAw hovy Aqy auh mn, bcn, krm krky ‘Sbd’ Bwv bwxI nwl juVy hox[ Aijhy ‘guris`K’ hI sMgq ivc gur-BweIAW dI qrHW soBdy hn:

prmysr hY pMj imil lyK AlyK n kImiq pweI ]
pMj imly prpMc qij Anhd sbd sbid ilv lweI ]
swDsMgiq sohin gur BweI ]2

BweI gurdws jI ny hor sp`St kr id`qw hY ik iek is`K, do iml jwx qW sMgq, pMj imilAW auh prmySr srUp ho jWdy hn:

ieku isKu duie swD sMgu pMjIN prmysru ]3

gurmiq ivcwrDwrw dy jigAsU ieh jwxdy hn ikprmySr ny Awp hI ‘pMj’ q`q pYdw kr ky isRStI dI isrjxw kIqI hY qy iPr Awp inrgux rUp ivc pMjW q`qW ivc ivdmwn hY[ BweI gurdws jI sp`St krdy hn :

paux pwxI bYsMqro cauQI DrqI sMig imlweI ]
pMcim ivic Awkwsu kir krqw Ctmu Aidstu smweI ]4

gurU goibMd isMG jI ny ‘pMjW ipAwirAW’ dI cox kr ky pihlW aunHW nMU KMfy bwty dI pwhul CkweI qy iPr ‘pMjW ipAwirAW’ qoN ^ud AMimRq dI dwq pRwpq kr, ‘pMjW ipAwirAW’ nMU gurU rUp ivc pRvwn kr ky inrml ivcwrDwrw qy ieiqhws dI isrjxw kIqI :

krI ju siqgur ipRQm ibD, soeI pun ibD kIn [
pMj BucMgI jo Bey, gur aunqy pwhul lIn [5

gurmiq ivcwrDwrw ies g`l dI SwhdI BrdI hY ik ‘pMj’ iek sMpUrn igxqI, jo hr qrHW dy &Ysly krn dy smr`Q hY[ Srq iehI hY ik &Ysly gurmiq dI rOSnI ivc ley gey hox :

gurGr dI mrXwdw pMcu hY, puMchu pwhul pUrb pIn [
huie qnKwhI bKsih pMchu, pwhul dy iml pMc pRbIn...
pMc krih so inPl n cIn [6

pMjW qoN G`t gurmqw nhIN kr skdy[ gurmqy dw korm pMjW dw hY[7
ieiqhwsk qOr ’qy AsIN dyKdy hW ik pihly gurU swihbwn vI pRmu`K is`KW nMU hmySw nwl rKdy sn, Awm krky ieh igxqI vI pMj dI hI imldI hY[ ijvyN gurU Arjn dyv jI pMj ipAwry guris`K-BweI ibDI cMd, BweI jyTw jI, BweI lMgwh jI, BweI iprwxw qy BweI pYVw jI[ ies qrHW BweI kwnH isMG nwBw ny gurU qyZ bhwdr swihb dy Awqm igAwnI pMj ipAwry dIvwn mqI dws jI, BweI gurid`qw jI, BweI idAwlw jI, BweI audw jI Aqy BweI jYqw jI dy nW id`qy hn[
cmkOr dI jMg smyN BweI dieAw isMG jI, BweI Drm isMG jI, BweI mwn isMG jI, BweI sMgq isMG jI qy BweI sMq isMG jI Awid muKI pMj guris`KW ny vwro-vwrI gurU jI nUM bynqU kIqI ik pMQ dy Bly vwsqy qusIN gVHI ’coN bwhr inkl jwvo, Awp dI slwmqI nwl pMQ dI slwmqI hY[ pr gurU jI ny cmkOr dI jMg ivc Shwdq pRwpq krn dI ie`Cwkrn ’qy aukq pMjW isMGW ny gurU jI nUM cmkOr dI gVHI ’coN shI-slwmq bwhr inkl jwx dw AwdyS kIqw, ijs nMU gurU jI nUM vI pRvwn krnw ipAw[
gurU jI ny BweI sMgq isMG jI nUM AwpxI jgHw ibTw ky Awpxw swrw puSwkw, ijgw smyq pihnw id`qw Aqy Ardwsw soD ky bcn kIqw, “gurU ^wlsw, ^wlsw gurU[ BweI is`Ko : A`j qoN mYN ^wlsy nMU gurAweI dI pdvI id`qI[ mYnMU pMjW ivc pRq`K smJo, pMjW isMGW dw nwm gurU-^wlsw hY[ Awid (gurU) gRMQ jI Anuswr “pMc prvwn pMc prDwn] pMcy pwvih drgih mwnu]”
pMjW qoN G`t nw hox, v`D BwvyN hox[pMj isMG pIrW dy pIr, gurU isr gurU huMdy hn, iesy vwsqy AsIN pMjW nMU AMimRq Ckw kyAwpxy nwl AByd kIqw hY[ pMj isMG iml ky Su`D mn nwl Ardws soD ky ijhw kwrj krnw cwhuxgy, auho is`D hovygw[8
^wlsy nUM gurAweI sONpx dw ijkr BweI sMqoK isNMG qy BweI rqn isMG BMgU ny vI ieiqhwsk gRMQW ivc kIqw hY:

dXw isMG Aru Drm isMG jI mwn isMG qIjo br bIr[
sMgq isMG, sMq isMG pMcm, aunhuibTwXo dy kr Dir[
gurqw Arpin lgy Kwlsy pMc isMG iqh soihN srIr[
pMchu inq vrqiq mYN ho imlhu so pIrn pIr[9
hor :
s`d KwlsY kns (fMfoq) krvweI,
siqgur isMGn deI piqswhI[10

AOrMgjyb pws zPrnwmw phuMcwaux leI ‘^wlsw pMcwieq’ (BweI dieAw isMG, BweI Drm isMG, BweI dysw isMG, BweI iSv isMG qy BweI jyTw isMG) Aihmdngr G`lI geI sI, qW ik ^wlsw SwhI drbwrW dy vrqoN ivhwrW dw hwxI ho sky[11
muZl hkUmq jbr-julm dy ivru`D jd gurU goibMd isMG jI ny bwbw bMdw isMG nMU pMjwb ByijAw qW gurU jI ny aus nMU sMswrk s`qw dIAW inSwnIAW - ngwrw, JMfw qy pMj qIr b^iSS kIqy, gurU jI ny aus nMU ivdw hox smyN ikhw, “Awpxy Awp nMU ^wlsy dw dws smJ ky, ijhVw ^wlsw gurU rUp hovygw Aqy auh sdw pMj is`KW dI ijhVI aus dy nwl Byjy gey hn, dI slwh Anuswr kMm kry[12
ieiqhwsk vwikAwq hY ik jd srdwr kpUr isMG nMU pMQ vloN nvwbI b^SI jwx lgI qW aus ny ‘^wlsw pMQ’ nMU bynqI kIqI ik mYN pMQ dy hukm nUM pRvwn krdw hoieAw nvwbI lYx leI iqAwr hW, pr mYnMU nvwbI b^iSS krn qoN pihlW ieh pMjW guris`KW dy crnW nMU lgweI jwvy qW ju ieh piv`qr ho sky[ pMjW isMGW dy crn CUh pRwpq krky mwno syh (^rgoS) Syr bx igAw qy rweI phwV bx geI hovy, AYsI SkqI hY, gurU-dr qoN vrsoey pMj isMGW dI :

pMj BuMjgIAn crnI Cuhwie, Dro sIs moih pivqR krwie[
pMj BujMgIAn crn bl pweI, isMG sso hoie pRbq Bey rweI]57]13

bwbw pRym isMG hoqI ny ienHW pMjW isMGW dy inmnilKq nw id`qy hn :
(1) BweI hrI isMG hzUrIAw;
(2) sR: j`sw isMG rwmgVHIAw;
(3) bwbw dIp isMG ShId;
(4) BweI krm isMG;
(5) sR: bu`Fw isMG Sukrc`kIAw[14
gurU goibMd isMG jI dw ^wlsy nMU AwdyS hY ik dIvwn dI smwpqI ’qy jo ‘pRswid’ vrqy, aug sB qoN pihlw ‘pMjW ipAwirAW’ nMU id`qw jwvy[ gurU jI vloN hoey AwdyS nMU guris`KW ny prMprw rUp ivc kwiem r`iKAw Aqy ‘gurU pMQ’ v`loN is`K rihq mirAwdw dw AMg svIkwr kridAW sp`St sMkyq kIqw, “sMgq nMU vrqwaux qoN pihlW kFwh pRswid ivcoN pMjW ipAwirAW dw g`Pw k`F ky vrqwieAw jwvy”[15
pMj ipAwry hI sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dI hzUrI ivc AMimRq-AiBlwKIAW nMU AMimRq Ckwaux, gur-mMqr qy mul-mMqr idRVH krvwaux dy smr`Q hn[ is`K rihq mrAwdw ivc ies sMbMDIqW spS`t sMkyq hY, “auprMq pMj ipAwry rl ky ieko Avwz nwl AMimRq Ckx vwilAW nMU ‘vwihgurU’ dw nwm d`s ky ‘mul mMqR’ sunwaux qy aunHW pwsoN ies dw rtn krwaux”[16
aupRokq ieiqhwsk sMKyp hvwilAW dI rOSnI ivc AsIN kih skdy hW ik ‘gurmiq ivcwrDwrw qy ieiqhws’ ny ‘gurU-pMQ’ dy pRqIinDW vjoN ‘pMj ipAwirAW’ nMU hI pRvwn kIqw hY[ ieh g`l srv-pRmwixq hY ik sRI Akwl q^q swihb ‘gurU-pMQ dI pRqIinD srvau~c sMsQw hY, ijs ’qy ‘gurU-pMQ’ v`loN ‘pMj ipAwirAW’ nMU ‘gurmiq ivcwrDwrw’ dI rOSnI ivc hr qrHW dy &Ysly lYx dw AiDkwr hY[ guris`K ikauNik ‘gurU pMQ’ dI mul iekweI hY, ies leI isDWqk qy ivvhwrk qOr ’qy ‘gurU-pMQ’ vloN sRI Akwl q^q swihb qoN hoey AwdySW, hukmnwimAW, qy &YsilAW nMU mMnxw aus leI Dwrimk, smwijk, nYiqk qOr ’qy zrUrI hY[

1. BweI kwnH isMG nwBw, mhwn koS, pMnw 788. 2. BweI gurdws jI vwrW 29/6 3. auhI, 13/19 4. auhI, 1/2 5. fw: jIq isMG sIql (sMpw.), sRI gurU pMQ pRkwS, pMnw 78. 6. BweI sMqoK isMG, gur pRqwp sUrj gRMQ (ruq 6, AiDAwie 4)[ 7. BweI kwnH isMG nwBw, gurmiq mwrqMf, pMnw 395. 8. igAwnI igAwn isMG, qvwrI^ gurU ^wlsw, Bwg pihlw, pMnw 1016 9. BweI sMqoK isMG, gur pRqwp sUrj gRMQ (ruq 6, AiDAwie 4)[ 10. BweI rqn isMG BMgU, pMQ pRkwS, pMnw 97. 11. pRo: ipAwrw isMG pdm, gurU kIAW swKIAW, pMnw 101 12. fw: gMfw isMG qyjw isMG, is`K ieiqhws, pMnw 95. 13. fw: jIq isMG sIql (sMpw.), sRI gurU pMQ pRkwS, pMnw 286. 14. bwbw pRym isMG hoqI, nvwb kpUr isMG, pMnw 47. 15. is`K rihq mirAwdw, pMnw 18 (Bwg e)[ 16. auhI, pMnw 29 (Bwg \)[

pusqk ‘hukmnwmy AwdyS sMdyS… sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ ivcoN DMnvwid sihq[