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sRI Akwl q^q swihb dI A`T pihrI mrXwdw

sRI hirmMdr swihb dI drSnI ifauFI dy p`Cm idsw v`l drSnI ifauFI dy swhmxy pihlW sRI gurU rwmdws jI dy smyN qy iPr sRI gurU Arjn dyv jI dy smyN AMimRqsr srovr dI kwr k`Fx vyly kwr dI im`tI ieQy su`tx nwl im`tI dw iek k`cw QVw bx igAw sI[ 1661 ib: ivc sRI gurU Arjn dyv jI vloN AMimRq srovr nMU p`kw krn Aqy sRI hirmMdr swihb dI auswrI smyN Awpxy Awrwm ihq ies jgHW pur iek koTVI dw inrmwx krvwieAw sI, ijs nMU A`j k`l ‘koTw swihb’ dy nwm nwl jwixAw jWdw hY, jo ik ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ dy AMdrvwr siQq hY[
1661 ib: dI BwdroN sudI eykm vwly idn ‘sRI hirmMdr swihb’ dy AMdr ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ dw pihlI vwr pRkwS kIqw igAw[ bwbw bu`Fw jI ny siqgurW qoN pu~iCAw ik ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI’ dw suK-Awsn ik`Qy kIqw jwvy ? ‘igRMQ rhY ikq ins mih AbY]’ qW au~qr ivc siqgurW ikhw:

Bhuro lY jwvhu Asvwrw] ijs koTrI rihn hmwrw ]44]
siqgurW dy ies hukm Anuswr ‘sodr’ rwq dI smwpqI dI Ardws auprMq-
buFw igRMQ lIn isr DwrI cvr krihN gur vwrMvwrI ]48]
rhYN koTrI mihN gur sdw gmnihN sdn Awpny kdw ]49]
qhW invws igRMQ kO kIno sRI gur BUql inkt AsIno ]51]
(sRI gur pRqwp sUrj, rwis 3 AMsU 50)

sRI gurU Arjn dyv jI vloN ies AsQwn qy nvyN plMG au~qy suMdr g`dy qy kImqI zrI dw bsqr sjw ky au~pr cwnxI qwx ky plMG au~qy ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ jI dw suK-Awsn krwieAw igAw, aus idn qoN siqkwr ihq sRI gurU Arjn dyv jI aus plMG dy hyT drI qy cwdr ivCw ky rwq nMU ibrwjdy rhy[ A`j vI koTw swihb ivKy aus plMG dy hyT hr roj drI au~pr cwdr ivCweI jWdI hY ijs dy drSn hr srDwlU kr skdy hn[ aus idn qoN A`j qk sRI hirmMdr swihb dy AMdr pRkwS hox vwly sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI dy srUp nMU rwq vyly iesy koTw swihb dy AMdr plMG au~pr ibrwjmwn krvwieAw jWdw hY[
CyvyN pwqSwh sRI gurU hirgoibMd swihb jI mhwrwj ny koTw swihb dy siqkwr nMU kwiem rKidAW ie`k au~cw QVw koTw swihb dy K`by h`Q v`l bxvwieAw, ijs ’qy bYT ky Awp jI ny mIrI-pIrI dIAW do qlvwrW pihnIAW[ bwAd ivc auh QVw sRI Akwl q^q swihb jI dy nwm nwl jwixAw igAw[ Akwl q^q dI pihlI mMzl 1831 ib: ivc is`K imslW smyN iqAwr hoeI Aqy bwkI cwr mMzlW mhwrwjw rxjIq isMG jI bxvweIAW, audoN qoN hI ‘koTw swihb’ sRI Akwl q^q swihb dw iek ivSyS ih`sw bx igAw[ ies AsQwn qoN hI rojwnw ‘sRI hirmMdr swihb’ Aqy ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ dI A`T pihrI mrXwdw AwrMB huMdI hY[

ikvwV KulHxy:

sRI hirmMdr swihb dy AMimRq vyly ikvwV KulHx qoN iek GMtw bwAd ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ dy ikvwV Ku~lH jWdy hn[ ieh smW mOsm Anuswr bdldw rihMdw hY[ ijvyN ik jyT qy hwV dy do mhIny (03.00) iqMn vjy, ivswK qy swvx dy do mhIny (02.15) svw do vjy, cyqr qy BwdroN dy do mhIny (02.30) FweI vjy, A`sU qy P`gx dy do mhIny (02.45) pOxy iqMn vjy Aqy k`qk, m`Gr, poh qy mwG dy cwr mhIny (03.00) iqMn vjy ikvwV Ku~lHdy hn[
ikvwV Ku~lHx qoN iek GMtw bwAd ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ dy au~pr ngwry ’qy ngwrcI cot lgwauNdw hY[ q^q swihb dy swhmxy hyT hzUrI ivc bYTI sMgq ijs ny rl ky jotIAW nwl sRI suKmnI swihb dw pwT kr ilAw huMdw hY, ngwry dI cot sux ky swvDwn ho jWdI hY[ ngwrw v~jx qoN kuJ imMt pihlW ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ dw gRMQI jW mu~K gRMQI koTw swihb AMdr jw ky plMG au~pr ibrwjmwn ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ jI dy pwvn srUpW au~pr ipAwr siqkwr sihq cOr krdw hoieAw kuJ pRkrmw krdw hY[ ngwry dI Avwz nwl sRI hirmMdr swihb dy gRMQI jW mu~K gRMQI (ijnHW dI ifaUtI huMdI hY) koTw swihb dy AMdr dwKl huMdy hn[
‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ dy gRMQI jW mu~K gRMQI pwsoN cOr pkV ky cOr kridAW hoieAw plMG swihb dIAW kuJ pRkrmW krdw hY qy cOr vwps pkVw ky gurU swihb jI dI svwrI ‘sRI hirmMdr swihb’ ivKy lY ky jwx sMbMDI sMKyp jyhI Ardws krn auprMq ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ jI dy pwvn srUp nMU Awpxy sIs au~pr sjwaux ihq iek pwsy h`Q pwauNdy hn[ q^q swihb dy gRMQI cOr plMG au~pr rK ky gurU swihb dy srUp nMU h`Q pw ky siqkwr sihq isMG swihb dy sIs au~pr rKwauNdy hn qy cOr sRI hirmMdr swihb dy ifaUtI vwly cOr-brdwr nUM sONp dyNdy hn qy Awp hyT sunihrI pwlkI swihb qk nwl jWdy hn[ cWdI dIAW cobW pkV ky do cobdwr isMG swihb dy A`gy-A`gy ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ jI dy siqkwr ihq cldy hn[ drSnI ifaUFI ivc sunihrI pwlkI dy dwKl hox qk ngwrw vjdw rihMdw hY[

sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI dw pRkwS:

sRI Akwl q^q swihb qoN ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ jI dI svwrI sRI hirmMdr swihb ivKy cly jwx qoN bwAd q^q swihb dy AMdrvwr qy bwhrvwr dohW QwvW qy ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ jI dy do pwvn srUpW dw siqkwr sihq pRkwS kIqw jWdw hY[ jykr AMdrvwr sRI AKMf pwT cl irhw hovy qW iPr isrP bwhrvwr hI pRkwS kIqw jWdw hY[ auprMq gRMQI jW mu~K gRMQI gurU swihb dI hzUrI ivc hwzr sMgqW nMU mhWvwk srvx krwaNdw hY[ iPr ieiqhwsk SsqRW dy sMgqW nUM drSn krvw ky q^q swihb au~pr bxy sunihrI bMgly ivc sjw id`qy jWdy hn[ ij`Qy bwhroN drSn krn AweIAW sMgqW SIiSAW rwhIN SsqrW dy drSn krdIAW hn[ q^q swihb dy hzUr juVI sMgq sRI hirmMdr swihb ivKy hox vwly pihly mhWvwk nMU srvx krn leI drsnI ifauFI AMdr phuMc jWdI hY[
q^q swihb dy swhmxy hyT ishn ’c styj sjw ky q^q swihb dw hzUrI rwgI j`Qw ‘Awsw dI vwr’ dw rs-iBMnW kIrqn AwrMB kr dyNdw hY[ dohIN QweIN do gRMQI isMG jW pMjW ipAwirAW ’coN do isMG ‘sRRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ jI dI hzUrI (qwibAw) ivc bYTdy hn Aqy dohIN QweIN iek-iek syvwdwr zrUrI syvwvW ihq gurU swihb dI hzUrI ivc hwzr rihMdy hn[ sRI hirmMdr swihb dy AMdr Awsw dI vwr dy kIrqn dI smwpqI auprMq hoeI Ardws Aqy mhWvwk auprMq QoVy smyN bwAd ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ au~pr ho rhy Awsw dI vwr dy kIrqn dw Bog pwieAw jWdw hY[ gurU ky ^jwny ivcoN Aqy pRymI sj`xw vloN gurU hzUrI ivc kVwh pRSwd dI dyg hwzr kIqI jWdI hY Aqy gRMQI isMG pMQ pRvwxq Ardws krdw hY[ Ardws qoN bwAd m`Qw tyk ky swrI sMgq KVI ho ky AwigAw BeI Akwl kI … gurU gRMQ jI mwnIE … Aqy rwj krygw ^wlsw … ieh auprokq iqMny dohry g`j ky pVHdI hY qy jYkwrw CifAw jWdw hY jd ik sRI hirmMdr swihb dy AMdr nw auprokq iqMn dohry pVHy jWdy hn qy nw hI jYkwrw guMjwieAw jWdw hY[
sRI hirmMdr swihb dy AMdroN sMgqW gurU swihb dy mhWvwk srvx krky inscy nwl ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ ivKy Awx juV bYTdIAW hn Aqy ifaUtI pur hwzr gRMQI jW mu~K gRMQI ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ jI ivcoN mhWvwk pVH ky sMgqW nMU srvx krwauNdy hn, auprMq kVwh pRSwd vrqwieAw jWdw hY qy nwl-nwl swrI sMgq jotIAW dy Sbd pVHdI hY[ kVwh pRSwd vrq jwx qoN bwAd bwhrvwr ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ jI dy kIqy pRkwS dw suK-Awsx kr id`qw jWdw hY[ q^q swihb dy AMdrvwr swrw idn ‘sRRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ jI dI hzUrI ivc iek gRMQI isMG jW pMj ipAwry hr vkq qwibAw sjy rihMdy hn, ijnHW dy ijMmy ivSyS krky bwhroN Awey pRymIAW nMU ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ dy ieiqhws bwry jwxkwrI dyxI Aqy pRymIAW vloN ByNt kIqy kVwh pRSwid dI Ardws krky vrqwauxw Awid syvwvW huMdIAW hn[
‘sodr’ dy pwT qoN pihlW gurU swihb dI hzUrI iv`c sMgqW q^q swihb dy hzUrI rwgI j`Qy pwsoN fyF GMtw rs iBMny kIrqn dw AwnMd mwxdIAW hn Aqy sRI hirmMdr swihb dy AMdr ‘sodru rihrws’ dy pwT AwrMB hox qoN pMdrW ku imMt bwAd ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ dy gRMQI jW mu`K gRMQI duAwrw ‘sodru rihrws’ dw pwT AwrMB kIqw jWdw hY[
Ardws auprMq AMimRq vyly dy dIvwn dI smwpqI vWg iqMny dohry sMgqW rl-iml ky pVHdIAW hn qy AKIr ivc jYkwrw guMjwieAw jWdw hY, auprMq ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ jI ivcoN mhWvwk pVH ky sunwieAw jWdw hY[ iPr iek-iek krky sMgqW nMU ieiqhwsk SsqRW dy drSn krvwey jWdy hn qy nwl auhnW SsqRW bwry jwxkwrI id`qI jWdI hY[ SsqRW nMU imAwnw ivc pw ky in`j AsQwn ivKy szw id`qy jWdy hn[ Awm qOr qy ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ dy AMdrvwr lgwqwr AKMf pwT cldy rihMdy hn, jy AKMf pwT nw hovy qW ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ jI dy pwvn srUp nMU suK-Awsx krky koTw swihb ivKy ibrwjmwn kr id`qw jWdw hY[
sRI hirmMdr swihb dy gRMQI jW mu~K gRMQI siqkwr sihq sMgqW smyq ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ jI dw pwvn srUp sRI hirmMdr swihb qoN ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ ivKy lY ky pujdy hn Aqy gurU swihb jI nMU koTw swihb ivKy ibrwjmwn krn aprMq q^q swihb dy syvwdwrW vloN PrwS nMU swrw cwrz Bwr sOp id`qw jWdw hY[

sPweI qy ieSnwn:

‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ qoN sB mweI-BweI dy bwhr cly jwx bwAd PrwS ikvwV bMd kr dyNdw hY[ purwqn smyN kyvl PrwS hI rwq nMU AMdrlI swP-sPweI, ieSnwn qy ivCweI Awid dI syvw inBwauNdy sI pr A`j k`l sRI hirmMdr swihb vWg pRymI s`jx PrwS nwl iml ky aus dIAW hdwieqW muqwbk syvw ivc pUrw-pUrw h`Q vtwauNdy hn[
PrwS qy pRymI s`jx iml ky pihlW purwxI ivCweI nMU (ijs ivc glIcy, drIAW qy cwdrW Swiml huMdIAW hn) cuk ky JwV ky qihAW mwr ky iek pwsy r`K dyNdy hn[ iPr KuSk qOlIey nwl q^q swihb dy AMdr qy bwhrly ih`sy qy hwl dI sPweI krdy hn[ auprMq ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ dy ipCly pwsy siQq ‘Akwl sr’ nwmIN KUh (ijs nMU sRI gurU hirgoibMd swihb jI ny lgvwieAw sI) ivcoN jl ilAw ky pihlW q^q swihb Aqy pRkwS AsQwn dI ieSnwn syvw kIqI jWdI hY, ieSnwn syvw smyN pRymI s`jx jotIAW nwl pRym rMg ivc rMgy Sbd pVHdy rihMdy hn[ iPr s`uky qOlIAW nwl swry PrS nMU KuSk krky glIcy drIAW qy auhnW au~pr DoqIAW hoieAw ic`tIAW cwdrW ivCw id`qIAW jWdIAW hn[ dohW pRkwS AsQwnW au~pr ivSyS ivCweIAW krky mMjI swihb sjw ky auhnW au~pr g`dy, rumwly qy srhwxy Awid sjw ky mukMml iqAwrI kIqI jWdI hY[ ikvwV KulHx ’qy PrwS vloN q^q swihb ivKy ifaUtI qy hwzr syvwdwr nMU cwrj Bwr sONp id`qw jWdw hY[

ngwry qy cot:

‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ au~proN koTy swihb qoN scKMf sRI hirmMdr swihb v`l ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ jI dI svwrI clx smyN ngwrw vjxW AwrMB ho jWdw hY[ jd suinhrI pwlkI drSnI ifauFI ’c dwKl huMdI hY qW ngwrw vjxW bMd ho jWdw hY[ ievyN hI rwq smyN scKMf sRI hirmMdr swihb qoN gurU swihb dI svwrI drSnI ifauFI qoN bwhr inkldy hI q^q swihb qoN ngwrw vjxW AwrMB ho jWdw hY qy gurU swihb dI svwrI koTw swihb ivKy ibrwjmwn krky Ardwsw soiDAw jWdw hY qy ArdwsIAw isMG Ardws vyly ij`Qy-ij`Qy ‘bolo jI vwihgurU’ kihMdw hY aus smyN ngwry au~qy cotW lgdIAW hn[ Ardws dI smwpqI smyN ngwrw inrMqr vjdw hY Aqy jYkwrw guMjwaux qoN bwAd ngwrw vjxw bMd ho jWdw hY[ Aijhw donoN smyN dI ArdwsW vyly huMdw hY[

not: ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ ivKy hr AYqvwr Aqy buDvwr nMU duiphr 12.00 vjy AMimRq pwn krvwieAw jWdw hY[ AMimRq AiBlw^I s`jx kysIN ieSnwn krky pMj kkwrW sihq q^q swihb ivKy hwzr ho ky ieh AMimRq dI dwq pRwpq kr skdy hn jI[

isMG swihb igAwnI ikrpwl isMG jI swbkw jQydwr sRI Akwl q^q swihb vloN ricq pusqk ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb Aqy jQydwr swihbwn’ ivcoN DMnvwd sihq[