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hukmnwmw : mUl prMprw qy ieiqhws

‘hukmnwmw’ Sbd ‘hukm’ qy ‘nwmw’ dw sumyl hY[ ‘hukm’ dy ArQ- AwigAw, Purmwn, &qvw, prvwnw, Amr, Sbd, sUq Awid kIqy imldy hn Aqy ‘nwmw’ dw ArQ hY- nwmh, ^q, p`qr, ic`TI, iliKAw hoieAw kwZz[ ies qrHW ‘hukmnwmw’ auh kwZz hY, ijs ’qy ‘hukm’ iliKAw hovy[ Awm bol-cwl dI BwSw ivc AsIN kih skdy hW ik hukmnwmw auh ilKqI AwdyS hY, ijs nMU mMnxw zrUrI hY, jo twilAw nw jw sky jW hukm, ijs dy ilKqI srUp nMU nzr-AMdwz nw kIqw jw sky[

gurU swihbwn dy smyN jo siqgurW dy AwigAw-p`qr is`KW v`l Byjy jWdy sn, aunHW nMU ‘hukmnwmw’ smiJAw jWdw sI[ mwqw suMdrI jI BI sMgq nMU hukmnwmy jwrI krdy rhy hn[ gurU-pMQ dy pRbMD ivccwr (hux pMj) q^qW qoN BI hukmnwmy Byjy jWdy rhy Aqy hux vI jwrI huMdy hn[1

BweI kwnH isMG jI nwBw dI aukq pirBwSw qoN sp`St hY ik gurU swihb v`loN Awpxy smyN v`K-v`K sMgqW, pRmu`K guris`KW jo p`qr Byjy gey, aunHW nMU AsIN ‘hukmnwmw’ kih skdy hW[ gurU goibMd isMG jI dy joqI joq smwaux auprMq mwqw suMdrI jI v`loN kuJ p`qr ilKy imldy hn, ijnHW nUM hukmnwimAW dI sMgXw id`qI geI hY[ BweI swihb ny aukq pirBwSw ivc q^qw qoN ‘gurU-pMQ’ v`loN hukmnwmy jwrI krn dy ivcwr nMU mMinAw hY, pr igAwnI lwl isMG dw ieh kQn vI ivcwrnXog hY ik ‘iksI sMq, mhMq, soFI, bydI, mwnnIX purS dy nwm hyTW iliKAw lyK ‘hukmnwmw’ nhIN ikhw jw skdw, blik q^qW dy syvwdwr, jQydwr, pujwrI Awid vI mn-mrjI dw hukmnwmw nhIN inkwl skdy, jdoN qIk aus dI pRvwngI ‘pMj ipAwirAW’ duAwrw sMgq v`loN nw hovy, ijs ivc ik hukmnwmy dy pRXojn sMbMDI ivcwr hoeI hovy[ aus dI iek`qrqw iksy iek q^q swihb hzUrI zrUrI hY[ gurmiq qoN ivru`D inkilAw hukm ‘hukmnwmw’ nhIN khw skdw[2

igAwnI lwl isMG jI (sMgrUr) hI iek QW hor ilKdy hn ik “gurU swihbW ny ijnHW nMU pRsMsw-p`qr id`qw jW G`ilAw, aus dw nwm hukmnwmw ipAw[3

igAwnI lwl isMG dy aukq kQnW qoN sp`St hY ik iek qW hukmnwmy auh hn, jo gurU swihbwn v`loN pRymI guris`KW nMU pRsMsw-p`qr vjoN b^iSS kIqy qy dusry hukmnwmy auh pRvwn krnXog hn, jo gurmiq ivcwrDwrw dI rOSnI ivc ‘pMj ipAwirAW’ v`loN sMgq dI hwzrI ivc iksy ‘q^q swihb’ qoN jwrI kIqy gey hox[ pr iksy ivAkqI ivSyS nMU ‘hukmnwmw’ jwrI krn dw AiDkwr nhIN[

BweI kwnH isMG nwBw qy igAwnI lwl isMG (sMgrUr) v`loN aukq id`qy hukmnwmy sMbMDI ivcwrW qoN do g`lW isDWq rUp ivc sp`St hn : (1) gurU swihbwn smyN-smyN Awpxy ipAwry guris`KW qy sMgqW nUM hukmnwmy Byjdy rhy, ijnHW dw mjmUn BwvyN koeI vI hovy[ (2) q^q swihbwn qoN hukmnwmy jwrI krn dI pMQ pRvwinq prMprw hY pr hukmnwmw jwrI krn dy AiDkwrI ‘gurU-pMQ’ dy pRqIinD ‘pMj ipAwry’ hI hn, koeI ivAkqI ivSyS nhIN[

A`j klH kuJ ividvwn ivcwr pRgt kr rhy hn ik ‘huknwmw’ kyvl sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dw hI ho skdw hY[ ieh TIk hY, ik is`K ivcwDwrw ivc sRI gurU gRMQ swihb pRkwS krn, dIvwn dI smwpqI ’qy jo vwk ilAw jWdw hY, aus nUM ‘hukm’ ikhw jWdw hY[ is`K rihq mirAwdw Anuswr, sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI nUM Ardwsw soD ky pRkwS kIqw jwvy[ pRkwS krn vyly sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivcoN iek Sbd dw vwk ilAw jwvy[4 ies Sbd nMU is`K sMgq siqgurU dw ‘hukm’ mMn ky AMgIkwr krdI hY[5

is`K rihq mirAwdw ivc ‘hukm lYx’ dw FMg-qrIkw vI drswieAw igAw hY, ‘hukm’ lYx l`igAW K`by pMny dy auqly pwisEN pihlw Sbd jo jwrI hY, mu`F qoN pVHnw cwhIey[ jy aus Sbd dw mu`F ipCly pMny qoN SurU hY qW p`qrw prq ky pVHnw SurU kro Aqy Sbd swrw pVHo[ jy vwr hovy qW pauVI dy swry slok qy pauVI cwhIey[ Sbd dy AMq ivc ijQy ‘nwnk’ nwm Aw jwvy, aus quk ’qy Bog pwieAw jwvy[6

ies qrHW sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dy pRkwS jW dIvwn dI smwpqI smyN ley gey ‘vwk’ nMU sMgq ‘hukm’ krky mMndI hY[ mMnxw vI cwhIdw hY[ pr ‘gurU swihbwn’ qy ‘gurU pMQ’ vloN smyN-smyN jwrI kIqy ‘hukmnwimAW’ nMU sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dy ‘hukm’ nwl imlwauxw jW qulnw krnI, iksy qrHW vI jwiez nhIN[ gurbwxI ivcoN ley gey mhWvwk, ijs nMU ‘hukm’ vI ikhw jWdw hY, dI AwpxI mh`qqw qy siqkwr hY, pr ‘gurU swihbwn’ qy ‘gurU-pMQ’ vloN smyN-smyN jwrI kIqy gey hukmnwmy vI pihlI g`l qW ‘gurU’ hwzrI ivc hI jwrI hoey Aqy dUsrw, irnHW hukmnwimAW dI AwpxI Dwrimk-ieiqhwsk mh`qqw hY Aqy rhygI, ijs qoN swnMU Awnw-kwnI nhIN krnI cwhIdI[

hukmnwmy kyvl is`K Drm drSn nwl sMbMiDq piv`qr ‘AwigAw p`qr’ hI nhIN sgoN smkwlI smyN dy pRmwixq ieiqhwsk dsqwvyz vI hn, ijnW qoN ieiqhwsk nwvW, QwvW qy vsqW bwry BrpUr jwxkwrI pRwpq huMdI hY[ v`K-v`K smyN v`K-v`K guris`KW qy sMgqW nMU ilKy hukmnwimAW qoN is`KI dy pRcwr-pRswr bwry bhuq kuJ jwxn nMU imldw hY[ gurU swihbwn duAwrw jwrI kIqy gey ‘hukmnwmy’ A`j ieiqhwsk qy gurmiq ivcwrDwrw dy Amolk dsqwvyz hn[ guris`K dI pRIq gurU nwl hY, qy gurU v`loN b^iSS hoeI vsqU-ivcwr nMU auh qn, mn krky mwxnw cwMhudw hY[ iehI kwrn hY, hryk guris`K gurU swihbwn v`loN smyN-smyN jwrI kIqy hukmnwimAW dy drSn krny Awpxy suBwg smJdw hY[ pr hukmnwmy igxqI dy hI hox krky hryk guris`K dI phuMc ivc nhIN, BwvyN ik fw: gMfw isMG, sR: SmSyr isMG Asok qy fw: POjw isMG ny Xqn kr ky pRwpq hukmnwimAW nMU pusqkW dy rUp ivc pRkwSq krvwieAw hY, pr ieh pusqkW vI hryk guris`K dI phuMc ivc nhIN hn[

gurU swihbwn dy hukmnwimAW dI mwnqw qW SurU qoN hI bhuq sI qy rhygI[ jd myvVw iksy gurU swihb dw hukmnwmw lY ky iksy sMgq dy itkwxy pu`jdw sI qW auQoN dI swrI sMgq iek`TI ho ky aus dw suAwgq krdI sI Aqy sMgq dw muKIAw KVw ho ky bVy siqkwr nwl inv ky hukmnwmw lYNdw sI Aqy Awpxy isr pr r`K ky sMgq ivc hwzr huMdw sI Aqy sB nMU pVH ky suxwauNdw sI[ Awm qOr ’qy sMgq dw muKIAw ienHW nMU bVy siqkwr nwl Awpxy pws jW auQy DrmSwlw (gurduAwry) ivc ^ws sur`iKAq QW r`Kdw sI Aqy ^ws mOikAW pr sMgqW nMU drSn krvwauNdw sI[ ies ivc ilKy gurU swihb dy hukm nMU hr is`K isr-m`Qy mMndw sI Aqy &rmwieS dI pwlnw ivc ih`sw pwauxw Awpxw Dwrimk &rz smJdw sI[7

gurmiq Anuswr aus ivAkqI nMU sUJvwn, isAwxw qy ie`zqdwr, mwx-siqkwr dw AiDkwrI mMinAw igAw hY, jo ‘gurU hukm’ nMU siq kr mMndw hoieAw, jIvn guzwrdw hY[ gurbwxI dw pwvn &urmwn swnMU syD b^iSS krdw hY :

soeI isAwxw so pqvMqw, hukm lgY ijsu mITw jIau ]8

BweI gurdws jI dw qW kQn hY, ik guris`K dI krxI, ‘gurU hukm’ nUM mMnx ivc hY :

gur isKI dw krmu eyhu gur Purmwey gurisK krxw ]9

isDwqk qOr ’qy jykr AsIN dyKIey qW is`K kyvl gurU swihbwn ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ dI qwibAw ‘gurU-pMQ’ nUM juAwbdyh hY[ hukmnwmw qW ‘hukm’ hI hY, BwvyN auh gurU swihbwn vloN, gurU swihbwn dI AwigAw jW ‘gurU-pMQ’ dy pRqIinD ‘pMj ipAwirAw’ v`loN sRI Akwl q^q swihb qoN jwrI kIqw igAw hovy[

gurU-kwl nwl sMbMDq hukmnwimAW sMbMDI swnMU inmnilKq iqMn pusqkW pRwpq huMdIAW hn, ijnHW bwry sMKyp ivcwr krnI zrUrI hY :

(1) hukmnwmy (gurU swihbwn, mwqw swihbwn, bwbw bMdw isMG bhwdr qy ^wlsw jI) jo fw: gMfw isMG jI v`loN sMpwidq kIqy gey pMjwbI XUnIvristI pitAwlw v`loN meI, 1967 ivc pRkwSq kIqI geI[

(2) nIswx qy hukmnwmy sMpwdk SmSyr isMG ASok, jo is`K ieiqhwsk rIsrc borf v`loN AkqUbr 1967 ivc pRkwSq kIqI geI

(3) hukmnwmy (sRI gurU qyZ bhwdr swihb) sMpwdk POjw isMG, jo pMjqbI XUnIvristI v`loN pRkwSq kIqI geI (ies pusqk ivc kyvl gurU qyZ bhwdr swihb dy 22 hukmnwimAW dw ihMdI-AMgryzI Anuvwd id`qw hY, jo pihlW fw: gMfw isMG qy SmSyr isMG ASok duAwrw pRkwSq pusqkW ivc Swml hY)[

fw: gMfw isMG jI vloN sMpwidq pusqk hukmnwmy ’c kul 89 hukmnwmy qy nIswx id`qy gey hn[ gurU hirgoibMd swihb dy do hukmnwimAW qoN ipCoN gurU hirikRSn swihb dw iek hukmnwmw, gurU qyZ bhwdr swihb dy 22 qy gurU goibMd isMG jI dy 34 hukmnwmy hn[

gurU swihbwn qoN ielwvw iek hukmnwmw bwbw gurid`qw jI, 2 hukmnwmy mwqw gujrI jI, 2 hukmnwmy bwbw bMdw isMG bhwdr, 9-9 hukmnwmy mwqw suMdrI jI, mwqw swihb dyvW jI dy hn[ ies qrHW hI ^wlsw jI dw hukmnwmw qy q^q hirmMdr jI ptnw swihb dw iek-iek hukmnwmw id`qw hY[

pr fw: gMfw isMG ny ‘hukmnwmy’ isrlyK ADIn hI ‘nIswx’ nI id`qy hn, ijvyN iek nIswx gurU Arjn dyv jI, do inswx gurU hirgoibMd swihb, iek nIswx gurU hirrwie swihb, iek nIswx gurU qyZ bhwdr qy nIswx gurU goibMd isMG jI[

iPr fw: gMfw isMG ny hukmnwimAW dy vyrvy ivc gurU hirrie swihb dy nwm ’qy iek nIswx dw izkr kIqw hY, pr Agly pMny ’qy ies nMU hukmnwmy vjoN drj kIqw hY :

“sqvyN gurU hirrwie swihb jI dw kyvl ieko hI hukmnwmw (6) l`Bw, jo sMgq ptx dy nwauN iliKAw hoieAw hY”[10

hukmnwmy qy nIswx ivc AMqr hY[ hukmnwmw ‘hukm’ dy ilKqI srUp nMU qwmIl krn dw sMkyq krdw hY, jdoN ik ’nIswx’ iksy vsqU ivSyS jW hukmnwmy dy ‘shI’ hox dI qsdIk hY[ nIswx qoN sp`St ArQ ivSyS inSwn jW inSwnI hY, jo iksy ivAkqI ivSyS dI ivSySqw nUM drswaux leI hovy[

fw: gMfw isMG ^ud iesy hI pusqk ivc gurU goibMd isMG jI v`loN jwrI hoey hukmnwimAW pr ivSyS nIswx dw izkr krdy hn[ ies qrHW hukmnwmy ’qy AMikq nIswx aus dw shI qy pRmwixk hox dw sMkyq lgdw hY[

ies pusqk ivc gurU swihbwn Aqy gurU swihbwn dI AwigAw nwl ilKy hukmnwimAW dy nwl hI ivAkqIgq pRmu`K S^sIAqW dy hukmnwmySwml kIqy gey hn, jo ieiqhwsk qOr ’qy bhuq mwnqw r`Kdy hn, pr nwl hI svwl pYdw krdy hn ik kI hukmnwmw jwrI krn dw AiDkwr ivSyS S^sIAq dy AiDkwr Kyqr ivc AwaNdw hY? ^ws krky gurU goibMd isMG qoN ip`CoN jdoN aunHW guirAweI ‘gurU-pMQ’ nMU sONp id`qI[

AOrMgjyb ny 1699 eI: nMU AwpxI nvIN Dwrimk nIqI dw AYlwn kr ky ‘kw&rW’ ivru`D keI krVy qy k`tV &urmwn jwrI kIqy, ijnHW krky dyS Br ivc sihm dI lihr dOV geI[ ienHW hukmnwimAW (SwhI &urmwnW) dy mnorQ ‘kw&rW’ dy ieiqhwsk mMdrW qy skUlW nMU Fwhuxw, nvyN mMdrW jW skUlW dI auswrI nMU rokxw qy keI hor pwbMdIAW lwauxw sI[11

&Ojw isMG dy aukq kQn qoN iek g`l sp`St hY, ik smyN dy muZl bwdSwh Bwrq nMU ieslwimk rwj bxwaux qy gYr-musilm lokW dy mMdrW, gurduAwirAW, skUlW nMU Fwhux qy nvyN bxwaux ’qy rok lwaux leI smyN-smyN SwhI &urmwn jwrI krdy rhy[ kudrqI qOr ’qy ies qoN ault gYr-musilm lok Awpxy Drm-eImwn nMU bcwaux leI Awpxy DrmI BrwvW nMU p`qr ilKdy rhy hoxgy, ijnHW nMU DrmI lokW ‘hukm’ smJ ky pRvwn kIqw[ Aijhy hI hukmnwmy swnMU gurU-kwl, bwbw bMdw isMG bhwdr qy aus qoN ip`CoN pRmu`K guris`KW S^sIAqW dy imldy hn[ ^Yr, fw: gMfw isMG jI ny gurU swihbwn qoN bwAd ivc jwrI hoey hukmnwimAW nMU ies pusqk ivc Swml kr ky iek g`l sp`St kr id`qI ik hukmnwmy jwrI krn dI pMQk prMprw rhI hY[ ies pMQk prMprw qihq hI ‘^wlsw jI’ dw hukmnwmw qy q^q ptnw swihb qoN jwrI hoey iek-iek hukmnwmy nMU ies ivc Swml kIqw igAw hY[ izkrXog hY ik ^wlsw jI dy nwm ’qy jwrI hoieAw hukmnwmw sRI Akwl q^q swihb qoN jwrI kIqw igAw[ ^wlsw pMQ dy q^q swihbwn qoN ^ws ieiqhwsk mOikAW ’qy vIhvIN sdI ivc hukmnwmy jwrI huMdy rhy, pr fw: gMfw isMG ny ienHW hukmnwimAW nMU AwpxI ricq pusqk ivc Swml nhIN kIqw[ ieh g`l cyqy rhy ik 1967 eI: ivc jdoN ieh pusqk pRkwSq hoeI, aus smyN qk ^ws krky sRI Akwl q^q swihb qoN bhuq hI mh`qvpUrn hukmnwmy jwrI ho cu`ky sn[

ies qrHW hI q^q hirmMdr jI ptnw swihb qoN jwrI hoey hukmnwmy nMU jwrI krn vwilAW kuJ isMGW dy nW id`qy gey hn, ijnHW ivc q^q swihb dy mhMq, pujwrI isMG, ArdwsIey qy drogy Awid Swml hn ijs qoN sp`St hY ik q^q swihbwn qoN hukmnwmy jwrI krn dI prMprw hY[

sR: SmSyr isMG ASok duAwrw sMpwidq pusqk, nIswx qy hukmnwmy ivc 122 nIswx qy hukmnwmy drj hn[ ijvyN ik pusqk dy isrlyK qoN hI sp`St hY ik ASok jI ny nIswx qy hukmnwmy nMU inKyV id`qw hY, nIswx qoN Bwv hY gurU swihbwn dy dsq^q jW hsqw^r qy hukmnwmy iek pRkwr dy pRvwny jW AwigAw-p`qr dw dUjw nW hY[12

fw: gMfw isMG qy ASok jI dIAW pusqkW ivc bhuq swry nIswx qy hukmnwmy duhrwey gey hn[ ASok jI dI pusqk ivc gurU Arjn dyv jI dy nIswx, gurU hirgoibMd swihb jI dy do nIswx qy iqMn hukmnwmy, gurU hirrie swihb jI dy iqMn nIswx, gurU hirikRSn swihb jI dw iek nIswx qy iek hukmnwmw, s`q nIswx qy 30 hukmnwmy gurU qyZ bhwdr swihb, 14 nIswx qy 31 hukmnwmy gurU goibMd isMG jI qoN ielwvw bwbw gurid`qw jI, mwqw gujrI jI, mwqw suMdrI jI, bwbw bMdw isMG bhwdr, bwbw swihb isMG bydI, q^q swihbwn dy cwr hukmnwmy qy sRI dsm gRMQ dy do p`qry Swml hn[ ies qrHW ies ivc ku`l 29 nIswx, 91 hukmnwmy qy do purwqn dsm gRMQ dy p`iqRAW dI &oto kwpI Swml hY[

fw: gMfw isMG qy sR: SmSyr isMG dIAW aukq pusqkW dy bhuq swry hukmnwmy qy nIswx imldy hn[ bhuq QoVI vwD-Gwt hY[ sR: SmSyr isMG ASok ny ‘q^q swihbwn’ qoN jwrI cwr hukmnwmy Swml kIqy hn, ijnHW qoN q^q swihbwn qoN smyN-smyN hukmnwmy jwrI krn dI prMprw bwry jwxkwrI imldI hY[ ASok jI dI pusqk vI AkqUbr, 1967 eI: ivc pRkwSq hoeI, pr aunHW ny sRI Akwl q^q swihb qoN jwrI hoey 20vIN sdI dy hukmnwimAW nMU Swml nhIN kIqw[ ies dw iek kwrn qW ieh vI ho skdw hY ik ienHW donW hI ividvwnW ny kyvl h`Q-ilKq hukmnwmy sMpwidq kIqy hox Aqy Awpxy kwrj Kyqr nMU ieQoN qk hI sIimq kIqw hovy[

aukq donW pusqkW ivc AMikq hukmnwimAW ’qy jy srsrI nzrswnI kIqI jwvy qW pqw c`ldw hY ik 1691 eI: qoN pihlw jwrI hoey jW ilKy hoey hukmnwimAW ’qy imqI AMikq nhIN, pr 1691 eI: qoN bwAd ivc ilKy gey hukmnwimAW ’qy imqI dy nwl-nwl hukmnwimAW dIAW lweInW dI igxqI vI AKIr ivc drj hY[ bhuq swry hukmnwmy gurU jI dI AwigAw nwl SurU huMdy hn Aqy nIswx AMikq hn[ bwbw bMdw isMG bhwdr dy smyN jwrI hoey hukmnwimAW ’qy ‘mohr’ vI AMikq hY[ fw: gMfw isMG hukmnwimAW dI mh`qqw nMU drswauNdy hoey ilKdy hn, “ijvyN in`jI ic`TI-p`qr, ivigAwnk ieiqhws leI sm`grI dy sB qoN vDIAw mUl somy hMudy hn, iqvyN hI ieh hukmnwmy gurU swihbW dy smyN dy Dwrimk, rwjsI, BweIcwrk, swihqk qy AwriQk ieiqhws leI bhum`ly mUl-mswly dw Adu`qI ^jwnw hn”[13

hukmnwimAW nwl dUr-durwfy dIAW sMgqW nwl gurU-Gr dy ipAwr sMbMD surjIq rihMdy hn Aqy gUrU-Gr leI Dwrimk, AwriQk, rwjsI, smwijk kwrjW leI shweI is`D huMdy hn[ gurU hukm nMU pRvwn kr ky guris`K sMgqW, mwieAw, dsvMD Awid iek`qr kr ky gurU-Gr vwsqy ByjdIAW sn, ijs nwl AwpsI &wsly dI dUrI Gt ky sWJ prp`k huMdI sI[ hukmnwimAW rwhIN hI Drm Xu`D dI iqAwrI, cMgy hiQAwr, hwQI GoVy qy Asvwr vI mMgy jWdy sn[

hukmnwmy is`K sMgqW nwl sMprk krn leI srl-sp`St qy BrosyXog swDn vI sn[ hukmnwimAW rwhIN hI ‘gurU-Gr’ v`loN ley gey &YsilAW qoN guris`K sMgqW nMU jwxU krvwieAw jWdw sI[ ijvyN gurU swihbwn v`loN jwrI hukmnwimAW qoN BlI-BWq jwxkwrI imldI hY ik msMd pRQw nMU ^qm kr ky sMgqW nMU ^wlsw srUp pRdwn kIqw igAw[ sMgqW nMU gurU-dr ’qy Awaux dy s`dy p`qr, gurpurb mnwaux qy msMdW nwl myl nw r`Kx dI mh`qvpUrn jwxkwrI vI aus smyN sMgqW nMU ienHW hukmnwimAW qoN pRwpq huMdI sI[

1. BweI kwnH isMG nwBw, mhwn koS, pMnw 208. 2. igAwnI lwl isMG (sMgrUr), is`K kwnMUn, pMnw 34. 3. igAwnI lwl isMG (sMgrUr), is`K kwnMUn, pMnw 198. 4. is`K rihq mirAwdw, pMnw 13 (Bwg g) 5. BweI kwnH isMG nwBw, gurmiq mwrqMf, pMnw 420. 6. is`K rihq mirAwdw, hukm lYxw, pMnw 16. 7. fw: gMfw isMG, hukmnwmy, pMnw 5. 8. sRI gurU gRMQ swihb, pMnw 108. 9. BweI gurdws jI, vwrW 28/10. 10. fw: gMfw isMG, hukmnwmy, pMnw 12. 11. fw: POjw isMG, hukmnwmy (gurU qyZ bhwdr swihb), pMnw 5. 12. sR: SmSyr isMG ASok, nIswx qy hukmnwmy, pMnw pRsqwvnw (1). 13. fw: gMfw isMG, hukmnwmy, pMnw 10.

pusqk ‘hukmnwmy AwdyS sMdyS… sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ ivcoN DMnvwid sihq[