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gurU-pMQ : prMprw qy ieiqhws

isDWq rUp ivc dyKIey qW ‘sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ guru-pMQ dI pRqIinD sMsQw hY, ijs ’qy iksy ivAkqI ivSyS dw AiDkwr nhIN[ ‘gurU-pMQ’ do SbdW dw smwj hY, ijs ivc guru gRMQ ‘joiq’ qy pMQ ‘jugiq’ dw lKwiek hY[ ienHW donW SbdW dI vrqoN ‘gurmiq ivcwDwrw’ ivc SurU qoN hI hY[ ‘gurU-pMQ dy isDWq nMU smJx leI ienHW SbdW dy ArQ jwxnw zrUrI hn[ gurU dy ArQ ‘guru’ Sbd qoN hY, ieh Sbd ‘gRI’ DwqU qoN bixAw hY, ijs dy ArQ hn - inglxw Aqy smJwauxw, jo AigAwn nMU Kw jWdw hY Aqy is`K nMU qqÍ-igAwn smJwauNdw hY, auh gurU hY[ gurbwxI ivc gur, gurU Aqy gurU Sbd iek hI ArQ ivc Awey hn[1 gurU dy ArQ Dwrimk is`iKAw dyx vwlw AwcwrX, iksy mq nMU clwaux vwlw, Drm AwcwrX, ausqwdW, iv`idAw d`sx vwlw, ipqw, gurU nwnk dyv, pwrbRhm, krqwr, Awid vIO imldy hn[
gurmiq ivcwrDwrw qy prMprw ivc ‘gurU’ Sbd ‘gurU swihbwn’, ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’, ‘gurU pMQ’ dy nwl vrqx dw ivDwn hY[ ies qrHW hI ‘pMQ’ dw ArQ - (1) jwxw, iPrnw; (2) mwrg, rsqw; (3) pRmwqmw dI pRwpqI dw rwh, Drm mzhb2 Awid kIqy hn[ gurmiq ivcwrDwrw ivc ‘pMQ’ Sbd dI izAwdw krky mwrg, rsqy jW Drm, mzhb dy ArQW ivc hI vrqoN hoeI hY[ ijvyN BweI gurdws jI ny is`K Drm nMU ‘nwnk inrml pMQ’ ikhw hY :

mwirAw iskw jgiq ivic, nwnk inrml pMQ clwieAw ]3
hor :
sbid ijqI isiD mMflI kIqosu Apxw pMQ ibrwlw ]4

isrdwr kpUr isMG Anuswr, ‘pMQ Sbd dw ArQ hY- rwh jW jIvn dw cMgw FMg[ AjokI Dwrimk SbdwvlI ivc ‘pMQ’, is`K Drm Aqy aunHW dI Aid`K rh`smeI dyh leI vriqAw jWdw hY, jo ies Drm nMU mMndy hn Aqy DrqI au~pr r`b dy hukmW nMU lwgU krwaux leI XqnSIl rihMdy hn[ swry s`cy is`K ies ‘pMQ’ dy irxI hn qy ies au~pr SrDw r`Kdy hn[ iek s`cy is`K qoN Aws kIqI jWdI hY ik auh Awpxw sB kuJ ies ‘pMQ’ qoN kurbwx kr dyvy[ 5
‘pMQ’ dI sMpUrnqw ies nMU ‘gurU’ pdvI pRwpq hox nwl hoeI[ pMj ipAirAW-pMj guris`KW dI mwnqw is`K Drm ivc SurU qoN hI rhI hY[ gurU goibMd isMG jhI ny ‘pMjW’ dI cox kr, pihlW aunHW nMU ‘KMfy’ bwty dI ‘pwhul’ b^iSS kIqI qy iPr ‘pMjW ipAwirAW’ nMU gurU rUp svIkwridAW, aunHW pwsoN AMimRq dI dwq pRwpq kr ‘isMG’ pdvI pRwpq kIqI[ pMjW ipAwirAW ny pihlI vwr ‘gurU-pMQ’ dy rUp ivc cmkOr dI gVHI C`fx dw AwdyS, gurU goibMd isMG jI nMU dy ky Awpxy gurqw dy AiDkwr dI vrqoN kIqI[
ieiqhwsk qOr ’qy AsIN dyKdy hW ik 1699 eI: dI vYswKI qoN ip`CoN gurU goibMd isMG jI ny ‘gurU-dIiKAw’ dy AiDkwr nMU ^ud ivAkqIgq rUp ivc kdy nhIN vriqAw[ sgoN, ieh dYvI AiDkwr hmySw pMjW ipAwirAW dy AiDkwr Kyqr ivc Swml kr id`qw[
gurU goibMd isMG jI ny gurAweI dy ivAkqIgq Aqy Sbd rUpI p`KW nMU v`K-v`K kr id`qw[ gurAweI dw iek p`K ^wlsy nMU qy piv`qr gRMQ swihb nMU sOipAw igAw[ donW nMU hI ‘gurU’ dw pd pRwpq hoieAw, iek nMU gurU-gRMQ qy dUjy nMU ‘gurU-pMQ’ ikhw igAw[6
guris`KW dy smUMh nMU ‘gurU-pMQ’ mMinAw igAw, pr smUMh guris`KW dI ‘gurU pMQ’ vjoN pRqIinDqw krn dw AiDkwr ‘pMjW guris`KW’ pws hY, ijnHW nMU ‘pMj ipAwry’ kihx dI iprq hY[
ieiqhwsk qOr ’qy pihly nON gurU swihbwn dy vyly vI is`K sMgq dw bhuq mwx-siqkwr sI, pr gurU jI dI AwpxI AgvweI dI sdw loV rihMdI sI[ gurU goibMd isMG jI ny AwpxI AgvweI nMU sMkoc ilAw Aqy sMgq nMU jQybMd kr ky ies nMU S^sI gurAweI sONp id`qI qy Awqimk AgvweI sRI gurU gRMQ swihb pws hI rihx id`qI[
sMgq jQybMd ho ky ‘gurU-pMQ’ bx geI[ gurqw dy jugiq p`K dw swrw qyj pRqwp ‘gurU-pMQ’ nMU dy id`qw igAw[ ies ivc hr iek AMimRqDwrI is`K Dwrimk qOr ’qy brwbr pdvI r`Kdw hY[7
ivcwrDwrk qy ieiqhwsk qOr ’qy jykr is`K Drm drSn dw AiDAWn kIqw jwvy qW ieh g`l sp`St ho jWdI hY ik ‘bwxI’ dw sMkln qy sMpwdn ‘gurU-gRMQ’ qy sMgq dw sMgiTq qy ivksq rUp ‘gurU-pMQ dy rUp ivc pRgt hoieAw[ ‘gurU-gRMQ’ nwnk inrml pMQ dw isDWq hY qy ‘gurU-pMQ’ies isDWq dw pRq`K Aml[ EprI nzry do pRqIq huMdy hn, pr hYn iek[ ijvyN Awm AwdmI vwsqy gurUAW dI igxqI ‘d`s’ hY, pr gurmiq isDWq dy jwxkwr vwsqy gurU kyvl iek hI hY, qy auh hY ‘gurU nwnk joiq’, ijs ielwhI joq dI iekswrqw qy eykqw gurbwxI spS`t krdI hY :

joiq Ehw jugiq swie, sih kwieAw Pyir pltIAY ]8
sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI ny qW sp`St hI kr id`qw hY ik ‘gurU-joiq’ dI eykqw dI pihcwx ibnW ‘is`KI’ isDWq nMU smiJAw hI nhIN jw skdw :

sRI nwnk AMgid kr mwnw ]
Amr dws AMgd pihcwnw ]
Amr dws rwmdws khwXo ]
swDn lKw mUVH nih pwXo ]9]
iBMn iBMn sB hMU kir jwnw ]
eyk rUp iknhUM pihcwnw ]
ijn jwnw iqn hI isiD pweI ]
ibnu smJy isiD hwQ nw AweI ]10]9

gurbwxI, nwm-ismrn dw iek vDIAw rUp hY, ijs duAwrw AsIN sicAwr bxn dy pMD ’qy pYNdy hW[ jigAwsU leI sMvwry bxwey iesy pMD dw nwm ‘pMQ’ hY[ ijs nMU ‘joiq’ nwl ‘jugiq’ ikhw igAw hY[ joiq gurbwxI jW gRMQ rUp ivc pRgitAw jIvn isDWq qoN qy jugiq auh vrqoN-ivhwr, FMg ivDI jW jIvn-jwc ijs nMU kmw ky AsIN sicAwr ho skdy hW[ jy ieauN kih deIey ik bwxI jW gRMQ hI AmlI rUp Dwr ky ‘pMQ’ bx jWdw hY qW ieh glq nhIN hovygw[ prmySr dy inrgux srgux srUp vWg ‘gRMQ’, ‘pMQ’ iek qsvIr dy do pwsy hn[10
gurU nwnk dyv jI qoN vI jd is`D purSW ny puiCAw ik quhwfI ivcwrDwrw dIAW buinAwdW kI hn qW gurU jI ny sp`St kIqw sI ik gurmiq ivcwrDwrw gurbwxI Aqy gur-sMgiq ’qy ADwrq hovygI Aqy ies ibnW iksy hor nMU mMnxw swfw imSn nhIN :

gur sMgiq bwxI ibnw dUjI Et nhI hY rweI ]11

is`K rihq mirAwdw ivc ‘gurU-pMQ’ dI pirBwSw aukq ivcwrW dI pRoVHqw krdI hY :
“iqAwr-br-iqAwr isMGW dy smu`cy smUMh nMU ‘gurU-pMQ’ AwKdy hn[ ies dI iqAwrI ds gurU swihbwn ny kIqI Aqy dsm gurU jI ny ies dw AMqm rUp bMnH ky gurAweI sONpI”[12
ies pirBwsw qoN vI sp`St hY ik gurU goibMd isMG jI ny ‘pMQ’ nMU gurAweI sONpI[ ‘pMQ’ dI pRqIinDqw dy rUp gurAweI ‘pMjW isMGW’ jW ‘pMjW ipAwirAW’ nMU sONpI geI[ ies leI AsIN kih skdy hW ik ‘gurU-pMQ’ dI pRqIinDqw krn dw AiDkwr ‘pMjW ipAwirAW’ pws hY[ pMjW ipAwirAW dw AiDkwr kyv ‘AMimRq’ Ckwaux qk hI sIimq nhIN, sgoN ‘pMj-ipAwry’ ‘gurU-pMQ’ dy pRqIinD hox krky pMQ dy Dwrimk, smwijk, rwjsI, siBAwcwrk Awid msilAW sMbMDI syD dyx dy AiDkwrI hn[ sm`ucw ivSv-ivAwpI is`K BweIcwrw ‘gurU-pMQ’ dy kwrj Kyqr ADIn hY qy ‘pMj-ipAwry’ gurU gRMQ swihb dI qwibAw hI ‘gurU-pMQ’ dy rUp ivc &Ysly lYx dy AiDkwrI hn, pr ivAkqIgq rUp ivc sB brwbr hn[
ies qrHW ‘gurU-pMQ’ dy pRqIinD ‘pMj-ipAwry’ gurU gRMQ swihb’ dI hzUrI ivc, ‘gurU-pMQ’ dy srvau~c AsQwn sRI Akwl q^q swihb ’qy pMQk msilAW sMbMDI ‘gurmiq ivcwrDwrw’ dI rOSnI ivc &Ysly krn dy AiDkwrI hn[ Aijhy &YsilAW nUM gurmiq dI SbdwvlI ivc hukmnwmy, gurmqy jW AwdyS ikhw jWdw hY[

1. BweI kwnH isMG nwBw, mhwn koS, pMnw 415. 2. auhI, pMnw 793. 3. BweI gurdws, vwrW 1/45, 4. auhI, 1/31. 5. fw: gurSrnjIq isMG (Anuvwdk) isrdwr kpUr isMG dy coxvyN lyK, pMnw 35. 6. fw: gMfw isMG qyjw isMG, is`K ieiqhws, pMnw 129. 7. qyjw isMG, is`K Drm, pMny 13-14. 8. sRI gurU gRMQ swihb, pMnw 966. 9. dsm gRMQ, bic`qR nwtk, pMnw 54. 10. pRo: ipAwrw isMG pdm, gurmiq pRkwS, ApRYl 1995. 11. BweI gurdws, vwrW 1/42, 12. is`K rihq mirAwdw, pMnw 27.

pusqk ‘hukmnwmy AwdyS sMdyS… sRI Akwl q^q swihb’ ivcoN DMnvwid sihq[