Image

AMimRq: skMlp qy sMskwr

     mnu`K iek cyqn smwijk pRwxI hY[ ies leI ij`Qy auh smwijk, AwriQk qy rwjnIiqk suqMqrqw locdw hY au~Qy aus dI pRbl KwihS ieh vI hY ik auh mOq qoN suqMqr hovy, Bwv aus dy mn ivcoN mOq dw iBAwnk fr Kqm ho jwvy[ sMswr dy v`K-v`K DrmW ivc mOq dy BY qoN suqMqr kr dyx vwly pdwrQ nMU v`K-v`K nwvW ADIn AMikq kIqw igAw hY[ XUnwn dy imiQAws ivc nYktr (Nector), eIsweI Drm ivcjIvn-jl, ieslwm ivc Awb-ey-hXwq Aqy bRhmxI mq ivc somrs qy 'imaUK' ikhw igAw hY[ is`K Drm ivc Aijhy sMjIv pdwrQ dy Bwv nMU drswaux vwlI vsqU nMU 'AMimRq' dI sMigAw id`qI geI hY[
     'AMimRq' Sbd BwrqI Dwrimk qy ieiqhwsk pRMprw ivc vYidk kwl qoN hI pRclq irhw hY[ vYidk swihq ivc Asiq qoN siq v`l, hnyry qoN rOSnI v`l, mOq qoN Amrqw v`l phuMcx leI ies Bwv dI pRrwQnw bVI pRclq rhI hY[
     'AMimRq' Sbd 'A' Aqy 'imRq' dw sumyl hY[ 'A' nWh vwck hY Aqy 'imRq' dw Bwv 'mOq'[ ies pRkwr AMimRq Sbd dw ArQ hY mOq qoN rihq[ AMimRq auh pdwrQ hY ijs dy syvn krn nwl mOq nhIN huMdI[
is`K Drm ivc AMimRq iek sMklp vI hY qy rihq vI[ ies sUKm vI hY sQUl vI[ ieh isDWq vI hY qy Aml vI[ ies dw sMbD gurbwxI nwl vI hY qy is`K ieiqhws nwl vI[ is`K Drm dy ies mh`qvpUrn sMklp Aqy sMskwr nMU smJx leI, swfy leI lwBkwrI hovygw ik ies dy ivcwr hyTW id`qy p`KW qoN krIey:

1) AMimRq nwm[     2) AMimRq gur dIiKAw[     3) AMimRq pMj kkwrI rihq[

AMimRq nwm

      gurmiq dI smu`cI ivcwrDwrw dw AwDwr pwvn gurbwxI hY[ gurbwxI ivc 'AMimRq' iek qknIkI Sbd hY ijs dy inSicq ArQ hn pr ies Sbd dI vrqoN gurbwxI ivc bhuq QweIN qdBv rUp ivc vI hoeI imldI hY[ IeQoN qk ik gurbwxI nMU AMimRq dI sMigAw id`qI geI hY[ gurvwk hY:

bwxI gurU gurU hY bwxI ivc bwxI AMimRq swry]


     sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc AMimRq Sbd dI vrqoN muK rUp ivc hyTW id`qy ArQW ivc hoeI imldI hY:

1. smuMdr mMQn smyN pRwpq 14 rqnW ivcoN iek[ 2. nwm-rs, Awqm-rs, pRBU imlwp dw AMnd[ 3. im`Tw rs[ 4. pwxI[ 5. mukqI[ 6. du`D[ 7. sonw[ 8. Awqimk srUr dyx vwly bcn[ 9. Awqimk srUr dyx vwlw AMimRq rs[


      nwm Aqy Sbd, AMimRq dy smwnwrQk Sbd hn[ AMimRq nwm hY[ AMimRq gurU dI bwxI hY[ AMimRq gurU dw Sbd hY[ ies qrHW gurU swihb ny Amrqw pRdwn krn vwlI SkqI nMU 'nwm' hI mMinAw hY[ so gurbwxI Anuswr nwm hI AMimRq hY:

AMimRqu nwmu inDwnu hY imil pIvhu BweI]
ijsu ismrq suKu pweIAY sB iqKw buJweI] (pMnw 318)
AMimRqu hir kw nwmu hY ijq pIqY iqK jwie]
nwnk gurmuiK ijn pIAw iqn bhuiV n lwgI Awie](pMnw 1283)
gurmuiK AMimRqu nwmu hY ijqu KwDY sB BuK jwie]
iqRsnw mUil n hoveI nwmu vsY min Awie](pMnw 1250)

      sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj Bgq bwxI ivcoN vI Bgq kbIr jI, Bgq jYdyv jI, Bgq BIKx jI, Bgq rvIdws jI, Bgq nwmdyv jI qy Bgq iqRlocn jI ny vI AMimRq Sbd dI vrqoN prmwqmw dy nwm dy Bwv ivc hI kIqI hY[ Bgq BIKx jI dw soriT rwg ivc Aqy Bgq jYdyv jI dy gujrI rwg ivc AMikq ieh Sbd aupRokq ivcwr dI pRoVHqw krdy hn:

hir kw nwmu AMimRq jl inrmlu iehu AauKDu jig swrw]
gur prswid khY jnu BIKnu pwvau moK duAwrw] (pMnw 659)
kyvl rwm nwm mnormM] bid AMimRq qq mieAM]
n dnoiq jsmrxyn jnm jrwiD mrx BieAM] (pMnw 526)

      so, gurmiq Anuswr auprokq drswey nwm-rUpI AMimRq dw syvn krn nwl sd-jIvn dI pRwpqI huMdI hY[ Bwv jo Aijhy nwm-rUpI AMimRq nMU pRwpq kr lYNdw hY[ auh prm pdvI nMU pRwpq kr lYNdw hY[ gurvwk hY:

AMimRqu pIvY Amru so hoie](pMnw 287)
AMimRqu pIvhu sdw icru jIvhu hir ismrq And AnMqw] (pMnw 496)


hux svwl pYdw huMdw hY ik ies nwm-rUpI AMimRq dw syvn krn nwl hI mnu`K srIrk qOr 'qy Amr ho jWdw hY? kI aus dI srIrk mOq nhIN huMdI? pr gurmiq srIrk Amrqw nMU pRvwn nhIN krdI[ gurbwxI Anuswr ieh srIr ibnsnhwr hY qy iek nw iek idn ies ny Kqm ho jwxw hY[ gurbwxI Anuswr AMimRq mnu`K nMU Awqimk SWqI idvwauNdw hY[ nwm rUpI AMimRq dI pRwpqI nwl mnu`K Awvw-gvn qoN mukq ho jWdw hY[ ies dy syvn nwl mn`K nMU Awqimk suqMqrqw pRwpq ho jWdI hY[
gurbwxI iek pRmwqmw nMU mMnx dw hukm krdI hY[ iehI kwrn hY ik gurbwxI ivc bRwhmxI mq vwlI AMimRq dI AgyrI vMf nhIN imldI[ gurmiq Anuswr AMimRq iek hI hY ikauNik pRBU dw nwm iek hY[ ieh nwm-rUpI AMimRq smu`cI mwnv jwqI leI iek hI hY dUsrw nhIN[ sRI gurU AMgd dyv jI AMimRq dI iekweI ies qrHW pRgt krdy hn:

nwnk AMimRqu eyku hY dUjw AMimRqu nwih](pMnw 1238)


ies nwm-rUpI AMimRq dw pRwpqI sRoq kI hY? ies dI pRwpqI dw swDn kI hY? swmI ivcwrDwrw dI ieiqhwsk pRMprw Anuswr Awb-ey-hXwq dw kuMf AMD mhW-swgr ivc hY[ ies qrHW hI bRhmxI mq Anuswr AMiMmRq dw sRoq jW pRwpqI sQwn KIr smuMdr hY pr ieh dovyN ivcwr imiQhws 'qy hI ADwirq hn[ iehI kwrn hY ik gurmiq ienHW imiQhwsk qy dlIl-ivhUxy ivcwrW nwl sihmq nhIN[
gurmiq ny ies nwm-rUpI AMimRq dw kuMf mnu`K dy srIr ivc hI disAw hY[ srIr-rUpI smuMdr nMU irVkx nwl ies AMimRq dI pRwpqI ho skdI hY[ pr srIr-rUpI smuMdr nMU irVkx leI gurU-ikRpw dI zrUrq hY[ loV hY gurU-ikRpw dy pwqr bxn dI nw ik bwhr B`jx dI:

nwnk AMimRqu mnY mwih pweIAY gur prswid](pMnw 1238)


Aqy ies AMimRq nUM pRwpq krn dI ivDI sRI gurU nwnk swihb ies Sbd rwhIN drswauNdy hn:

iehu mnu eItI hwiQ krhu Puin nyqRau nId n AwvY]
rsnw nwmu jphu qb mQIAY ien ibiD AMimRqu pwvhu](pMnw 728)


AMimRq gur-dIiKAw

AMimRq dw dUsrw mh`qvpUrn p`K AMimRq gur-dIiKAw hY, ijs dw sMbD mu`K rUp ivc AMimRq sMskwr nwl hY[ is`K Drm sMswr dw iek ivl~Kx Drm hY[ ies dI aumr BwvyN lMbI nhIN pr ies dy isDWq bVy mh`qvpUrn, Amr Aqy ivSwl hn[ AMimRq gur-dIiKAw dy isDWq dw vI Awpxw hI ieiqhws qy mh`qqw hY[ Is`K Drm dy ies mh`qvpUrn p`K nMU smJx leI shwiek hovygw ik ieh jwixAw jwvy ik dUsry DrmW ivc ies dw kI sQwn hY?
sMswr dy v`K-v`K DrmW ivc Drm pRvyS dy v`K-v`K sMskwr pwey jWdy hn[ iksy vI Drm dw mYNbr bxn leI aus Drm dy Dwrimk sMskwr krny zrUrI hn[ AwrMiBk Dwrimk rsmW qoN ibnW koeI vI ivAkqI sMbDq Drm dw mYNbr nhIN bx skdw[
eIsweI BweIcwry dw mYNbr bxn leI 'bpiqsmW' dI rsm krnI pYNdI hY[ bpiqsmW dI pRwpqI hI eIsw qy pRBU dI idRStI ivc pRvwn hoxw hY[ ies sMbD ivc piv`qr bweIbl dw hyT AMikq ivcwr bVw mh`qvpUrn hY:
"quhwfy ivcoN hr koeI, Awpxy pwpW qoN muVy Aqy iXsU msIh dy nW 'qy bpiqsmW ley, qW jo quhwfy pwp muAwP ho jwx[ ies qoN quhwnUM piv`qr Awqmw vrdwn dy qOr qy imlygI["
ieslwm ivc zubwnI iekrwr nMU kwPI QW id`qI hY Aqy ieslwm dy mYNbr bxn leI bpiqsmW vrgI koeI rsm nhIN krnI pYNdI
"prmwqmw dI eykqw Aqy nbIAW dI lVI, ijs ivc muhMmd swihb AwKrI nbI sn, ieslwm dy buinAwdI Bwg hn[ ijhVw aunHW nMU pRvwn krdy hn, auh muslmwn hn["
bRwhmxI mq ivc 'aupnieAwn' dI rIqI b`cy nMU bRhmcrX jIvnivc pRvyS krvwauNdI hY[ ieh iek nv-jIvn dI pRqIk hY[
"AQrvvyd Anuswr AiDAwpk b`cy nMU nv-jnm idMdw hY[ jdoN auh aus dy moFy 'qy h`Q rKdw hY qy qIjy idn b`cy dw jnm bRwhmx rUp ivc punr jnm huMdw hY[ ieh punr jnm iek AiDAwqimk jnm huMdw hY["
a~upr sMswr dy cwr muK DrmW dI AwrMiBk sMskwrW sbMDI sMKyp ivcwr 'c drswieAW igAw hY[ gur-dIiKAw sMskwr hr Drm ivc imldw hY[ ijs Anuswr ivAkqI nMU ivAkqI nMU Drm ivc pRvyS krvwieAw jWdw hY[ ies qrHW jo mwnv is`K Drm dw mYNbr bxnw cwhuMdw hY aus nMU AMimRq sMskwr rwhIN, is`K Drm ivc pRvyS krvwieAw jWdw hY[ AMimRq gur-dIiKAw dw sMskwr sRI gurU nwnk swihb duAwrw 'crnwimRq' dy rUp ivc kIqw igAw[ sRI gurU nwnk swihb 'crnwimRq' dI rIq duAwrw Awpxy iSSW nMU Awpxy Drm ivc pRvyS krvwauNdy sn[ ies sMbDI jwxkwrI swnMU gurmiq dy vyd ivAws BweI gurdws jI pwsoN huMdI hY:

crn Doie rihrws kir,
crxwimRqu isKW pIlwieAw[ (vwr 1/23)


smyN dI mMg Anuswr gurU dsm pwqSwh jI ny 30 mwrc 1699 eI: nMU ies mrXwdw ivc iek hor pirvrqn ilAWdw[ gurU jI ny ies mrXwdw nMU 'KMfy dI pwhul' ivc bdl id`qw[ gurU jI ny isrP ivDI hI pirvrqn kIqI nw ik isDWq qy pRmuKqw Pyr gurbwxI nMU hI id`qI geI[ ivDI ivc pirvrqn ilAwauxw smyN dI nbz nMU pCwnx dy qul sI[ Bwv smyN dI loV hI AijhI sI[ ies ivcwr dI pRoVHqw krdy hoey isrdwr kpUr isMG jI ilKdy hn:
"KMfy dw AMimRq BwvyN gur-dIiKAw dw pirvrqn rUp sI pr koeI nvW isDWq nhIN ijs dI vrqoN pihly gurU krdy Aw rhy sn pr Aijhw pirvrqn smyN Aqy AsQwn qy aus smyN dI inGrI hoeI mnu`Kqw dI siQqI dy pRsMg ivc Xog sI["
SRI gurU hirgoibMd swihb jI ny BgqI qy SkqI dw sumyl kIqw sI[ ies isDWq nMU mzbUq qy sMjIv krn leI sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI ny AMimRq (KMfy dI pwhul) rWhI pRp`k kr id`qw[ KMfy dI pwhul ny inrml pMQ nMU ^wlsw pMQ dw rUp id`qw[
ieh KMfy dI pwhul hI sI ijs ny gurU-cylw dI ABydqw nMU jnm id`qw[ zwqI-iBMnqw nMU Kqm kIqw[ ies dy nwl hI dUsrI iksy iksm dI pwhul lYx qoN is`KW nMU roikAw[ BweI dysw isMG jI ny gurU jI dy AwSy nMU ies qrHW drswieAw hY:

pRQm rhq Xh jwn pwhul KMfy kI Cky[
soeI isMG pRDwn Avr n pwhu jo ley[6[

AMimRq pMj kkwrI rihq

ij`Qy sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI ny crn pwhul dI QW KMfy dI pwhul Ckx leI AwdyS jwrI kIqw au~Qy gurU jI ny pMj-kkwrI rihq rKxI vI hr is`K leI lwzmI kr id`qI jo pihlW nhIN sI[ gurU jI ny rihq nMU pRDwnqw id`qI[ gurU jI dy AwSy nMU BweI dysw isMG jI ny rihq-nwimAW ivc ies qrHW drswieAw hY:

rihxI rhY soeI is`K myrw[ auh Twkuru mYN aus kw cyrw[…
rhq ibnw nih isMG khwvY[ rhq ibnw dr cotw KwvY]… 88]


sMKyp ivc AsIN kih skdy hW ik AMimRq nwm hY ijs dI pRwpqI gurU dI ikRpw duAwrw huMdI hY[ nwm-rUpI AMimRq pRwpq krn qoN pihlW gurU vwly bxnw pYNdw hY[ gurU vwly bxn dI ivDI AMimRq gur-dIiKAw dI ivDI hY, ijs duAwrw KMfy dI pwhul Ck ky pMj-kkwrI rihq dy DwrnI ho ik 'isMG' pdvI nMU phuMicAw jw skdw hY[

'isMG' pdvI nMU pRwpq mnu`K hI guris`K AKvw skdw hY[


SR: rUp isMG sk`qr, SRomxI gu: pR: kmytI duAwrw sMpwidq pusqk 'is`K sMklp, isDWq qy sMsQwvW' ivcoN DMnvwid sihq[

AMimRq sMcwr

sRI Akwl q^q swihb ivKy hr AYqvwr Aqy bu`Dvwr duiphr 12:00 vzy AMimRq sMcwr krvwieAw jWdw hY[ AMimRq AiBlwKI s`jx KMfy-bwty dI pwhul Ck gurU swihb dIAW AsIsW dy pwqr bxn[

gruU pMQ dw dws

igAnI gurbcn isMG
jQydwr,

sRI Akwl q^q swihb,
sRI AMimRqsr[